Cannabis cultivation: everything you need to know

Kleine Cannabispflanze wird von zwei Händen in ein Beet gepflanzt

The legality of cannabis has made headlines around the world in recent years, with laws varying greatly from country to country. A deep look into the current legal situation reveals a diverse range of legal frameworks - from complete prohibition to complete legalization for medical or even recreational purposes.

In many regions, cannabis serves as a valuable medical aid and is grown and sold under strict regulations. Other countries go further and allow the use of cannabis for recreational purposes , while recognizing the importance of regulations to protect the public.

The future of cannabis legalization is a dynamic field, characterized by rapidly changing public opinions and the constant adaptation of laws. Experts predict a growing trend toward legalization in more countries, driven by the potential economic benefits and growing recognition of cannabis' therapeutic effects.

For growers, the changing legal landscape has direct implications. New markets and business opportunities are opening up in regions that follow the path of legalization. At the same time, demand for high-quality cannabis is increasing, creating opportunities for both experienced growers and newcomers to the field.

Cannabis cultivation instructions: step by step

Step 1: Planning

  • Indoor vs. Outdoor : Your decision has a big impact. Indoors give you full control, but also require equipment like lights and ventilation. Outdoors are more natural and cheaper, but you are dependent on the weather and local climate.

Step 2: Choose seeds

  • Choice of variety : Think carefully about what you want. There are strains with high THC or CBD, different flavors and those that grow better indoors or outdoors. Choose wisely!

Step 3: Preparation


  • Space : A closet, a basement, an extra room - the important thing is that you have control over light and air.
  • Light : LED or HPS lamps are popular. Consider the size of your grow space for the right amount of light.
  • Ventilation : A good exhaust system is important to bring in fresh air and get out old air and odors.


  • Location : Find a sunny spot. Your plants will thank you.
  • Soil : Soil should be loose and nutrient-rich. You may need to improve it, i.e. mix in compost or fertilizer.

Step 4: Sowing and Germination

  • Germination : Germinate your seeds in damp cloths or a germination kit until the root appears.
  • Transplanting : Once the seedlings are ready, plant them carefully in small pots or directly outdoors in the prepared soil.
Small cannabis plant in a pot

Step 5: Care as it grows

  • Water : Water regularly, but not too much. The soil should be moist but not wet.
  • Nutrients : A few weeks after germination, you can start applying fertilizer to support growth.

Step 6: Flowering and Harvesting

  • Initiate flowering : Indoors, you need to switch the light cycle to 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness to start the flowering phase. Outdoors, of course, this happens as the days get shorter.
  • Harvest : The best time is when most of the trichomes are milky or amber in color. This shows you that the THC content is at its highest.

Step 7: Drying and Curing

  • Drying : Hang your harvest in a dark, well-ventilated room. This can take a few days to weeks.
  • Curing : Store the dried flowers in mason jars. Open the jars daily to let in fresh air and balance the moisture.

Additional tips:

  • Research : Read up, exchange ideas and continually learn. Every harvest makes you more experienced.
  • Patience : Growing cannabis is not a sprint, but a marathon. Give the plants time to grow and thrive.

The most important thing is that you enjoy the process and be patient with your plants. Every grower makes mistakes in the beginning, but you learn from them. Good luck!

Legal Cannabis Cultivation: Legal Knowledge

From April 1st there will be a new law in Germany that regulates cannabis cultivation for private use. So that you can legally grow your own cannabis without getting into trouble, there are a few important points to consider.

Avoiding Penalties: Important Legal Considerations and Compliance

Know the limits : The law clearly defines how many cannabis plants you can grow and how high the THC content can be. Do your research to stay within these limits.

Registration and documentation : Depending on the exact provisions of the law, you may be required to register your grow or document certain information. This way you can ensure that everything is correct.

Access protection : Make sure that only authorized people have access to your plants. It is important to protect both the plants and other people.

Act responsibly : Handling cannabis requires a sense of responsibility. Familiarize yourself with the effects and potential risks and communicate openly about them.

Safe Growing: Best Practices to Minimize Risks

Optimal location : The choice of growing location is crucial for healthy plants. Make sure you have enough light, good ventilation and protection from extreme weather conditions.

Seed Quality : Use seeds from trusted retailers to ensure the health of your plants. An adequate supply of nutrients and the avoidance of pests are essential.

Eco-friendly farming : Implement sustainable methods into your farming to keep your environmental footprint low. Biological pest control and water saving techniques are good approaches here.

Further training : Stay informed about the latest cultivation methods and legal regulations. Exchanges with other growers and regular training will help you optimize your cultivation.

With these tips you will be well equipped to make your cannabis cultivation legal and safe. It is important to keep yourself informed and adhere to legal requirements.


Growing cannabis is a fascinating journey that offers challenges and rewards for both beginners and experienced gardeners. Whether you choose to grow indoors for year-round control or prefer the natural route of growing outdoors , the most important thing is to be prepared and do your research.

Careful selection of seeds , well-thought-out preparation of the growing space and constant care of the plants are crucial for a successful harvest. Every step, from germination to harvest , requires attention and patience, but the result is incredibly rewarding. Not only do you accompany a plant from birth to maturity - you also receive a product whose quality and origin you know exactly.

Mistakes are part of the learning process . Every plant, every harvest gives you the opportunity to learn more about the art of growing cannabis. Use the resources available to you, exchange ideas with other growers and experiment within the limits of your possibilities.

In the end, the goal of growing cannabis is not just the harvest itself, but also the growth and development as a gardener. The relationship with the plant and understanding its needs can be a profound experience. Whether you're growing to relieve medical ailments, as a hobby, or simply out of curiosity, growing cannabis offers a unique connection to nature and a strong sense of self-sufficiency.

Remember that the key to success is patience, constant nurturing, and a willingness to learn from each cycle . Every seed you plant not only grows a new plant, but also your knowledge and skills as a cannabis grower.

Lara Berger, M.Sc., specialist author

Meet Lara Berger , our hemp edibles expert at THC Friends. With a solid background in botany and a focus on sustainable, health-promoting foods, Lara brings a wealth of knowledge and passion for hemp products to the team. Discover with Lara how hemp foods can contribute to a healthier and more sustainable lifestyle. Read more about Lara and her work here.

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